Cali Heath Nature Reserve - Maya Baker

Cali Heath Nature Reserve - Maya Baker

Cali Heath Nature Reserve

On a walk round Cali Heath you'll soon discover it is not your typical nature reserve, rather a diamond in the rough. On close inspection you will be delighted by the detail of tiny flowering plants in the short rabbit-grazed sandy grasslands, or the numbers of common butterflies feeding on flowering grass and willowherb heads in the old allotments.

Location

Opposite the Steer Inn
Pocklington
East Riding of Yorkshire
YO41 5PF

OS Map Reference

SE751496
A static map of Cali Heath Nature Reserve

Know before you go

Size
11 hectares

Entry fee

Free

Parking information

Limited parking in gateway

Grazing animals

Hebridean sheep

Walking trails

Permissive footpaths.

Access

Access on foot from roadside. Paths are generally flat but un-surfaced with some uneven terrain.

Dogs

On a lead

When to visit

Opening times

Open at all times

Best time to visit

March to September

About

Cali Heath is an area of grassy heath – a habitat rare in Yorkshire. Tiny flowering plants can be seen in the grassland including bird’s-foot trefoil, dove’s-foot cranesbill and common stork’s-bill – all typical of these sandy soils. Hare’s-foot clover is worth looking out for, named for its fluffy-looking flower heads. Shepherd’s cress, recorded in only three other places in Yorkshire, also grows well here.

Parts of the site support rough grassland which is valuable for a huge number of insects. Over 370 fly species alone have been recorded here and the site is also important for beetles and bugs too. One fly species – Hilara gallica – was thought to be extinct in Britain until it was re-discovered here and the nature reserve is now its UK stronghold.

There are small areas of oak woodland in the drier parts of the site, with alders and willow fringing the ditches and in some of the wetter spots rushes and yellow flag iris grow.

Seasonal highlights

  • Spring: Plants - Marsh marigold; Birds - Blackcap; Green woodpecker; Willow warbler; Whitethroat
  • Summer: Plants - Toadflax; Heath bedstraw; Musk mallow; Invertebrates - Red admiral; Small copper
  • Autumn: Plants -Harebell; Hare's foot clover
  • Winter: Birds - Red kite; Barn owl

History

At the time of the gold rush in America, when people travelled west to California to make their fortune, Cali Heath was granted to the poor of Barmby Moor by a local Trust – so the people here similarly travelled west to make their fortune – hence the area become known as Cali (or California) Heath.

When the Trust took on the nature reserve in 2003 parts of the site were agricultural set-aside. Since then work on the site has concentrated on removing invading scrub, bracken and bramble in order to restore the acidic grassland habitat. The two fields which had been previously farmed were re-seeded with a species mix to recreate the natural grasslands. A true success story, as restoration is really working on the site, with one of the seeded grasslands now species rich.

Directions

Public transport
Regular buses run between York and Hull and stop next to the Steer Inn opposite the nature reserve.

By car
On the north side of the A1079 York to Hull Road 9.5 miles east of York centre. Almost opposite the Steer Inn. Please park carefully on the lane behind the pub and cross the A1079 to enter the site.

Nearby