Southerscales Nature Reserve
Know before you go
Parking informationParking is available by the Old Hill Inn, where you may also access the site walking south.
Grazing animalsCattle graze in summer months and sheep in the winter.
Public and permissive footpaths.
The pavement can be extremely slippery during wet weather and the limestone clints unstable so you are advised to walk across with caution. No/limited accessibility for wheelchair users.
When to visit
Opening timesOpen at all times
Best time to visitMarch to June
Southerscales nature reserve is located at the foot of Ingleborough and is dominated by a large area of limestone pavement. This is surrounded by calcaereous grassland, blanket bog, heath and acid grassland. These habitats support a diverse range of plant species include rare species such as blue moor grass, frog orchid and birds-eye primrose.
Southerscales is dominated by a carboniferous limestone pavement made up of clints (blocks) and grykes (fissures). The pavement has a rich gryke flora with baneberry, green spleenwort, lesser meadow-rue, wood sorrel and herb Robert. Fourteen species of ferns have been recorded; including rigid buckler fern and hart’s tongue fern.
The remainder of the reserve consists of limestone and acid grassland, and blanket bog. The limestone grassland contains small scabious, early purple orchid and mountain everlasting, while heather grows on the acid grassland. An area of blanket bog holds cross-leaved heath, cranberry, round-leaved sundew and bog asphodel.
In spring the site is full of colour as early purple orchids and primrose come into flower. You may be lucky enough to spot an emperor moth. Wheatear and meadow pipit breed, skylarks often sing overhead, while a deep, croaking call identifies a raven flying over.
In summer wild thyme and fragrant orchid will create areas of pink with the the grassland surrounding the pavement and butterflies such as the dark green fritillary might be recorded. In autumn as the flowers start to wane you could see a black darter or a painted lady.
In winter when the plants have died back the structure of the pavement stands out with the back drop of Ingleborough and Whernside. Ferns such as ridgid buckler fern can still be found in the pavement.
The Trust use cattle to graze the grassland in summer and sheep in the winter to keep a rich variety of plants and grasses on site using the traditional management method of conservation grazing.
The fascinating pattern of clints and grykes were formed as the glaciers retreated around 15,000 years ago. There is evidence that indicates that there has been human activity since the Mesolithic period at Southerscales. There are stone piles across Southerscales that are probably Bronze Age burial mounds more than 3500 years old, while to the north of Southerscales Scars there is evidence of an extensive settlement and field system which may date from the Anglo-Saxon period.
Managed by Yorkshire Wildlife Trust since 1982, this site actually forms part of Ingleborough National Nature Reserve, and sits at an altitude of 335 metres. Nearby there are caves and potholes to explore for the more adventurous.
- Spring: Invertebrates - Emperor moth; Birds - Wheatear; Plants - Early purple orchid; Primrose
- Summer: Plants - Wild thyme; Fragrant orchid; Mouse-ear hawkweed; Invertebrates - Dark green fritillary
- Autumn: Invertebrates - Painted lady; Black darter
- Winter: Plants- Rigid buckler fern
The nearest train station is in Ribblehead.
For up-to-date bus services visit Dales Bus
The nature reserve is off the B6255 Ingleton to Hawes Road. Follow path below the layby and small water company building on the B6255 through the gate. Follow the track towards Ingleborough for three fields to the nature reserve entrance. Another entrance is accessible by parking near the Old Hill Inn and walking south.