Midland hawthorn

Midland Hawthorn

©Philip Precey

Midland hawthorn

Scientific name: Crataegus laevigata
In May, our hedgerows and woodland edges burst into life as Midland hawthorn erupts with masses of pinky-white blossom. During the autumn, red fruits known as 'haws' appear.

Species information


Height: 8-12m

Conservation status


When to see

January to December


Midland hawthorn is a shrub of ancient hedgerows and woodland edges, and is also known as 'Woodland hawthorn'. In May, Midland Hawthorn erupts with masses of pinky-white blossom. During the autumn and winter, red fruits known as 'haws' appear. Midland Hawthorn is a rich habitat for all kinds of wildlife, from Hawthorn shield bugs and Yellowhammers that feed on the haws, to Wood mice and Slow worms that shelter in the thorny thickets.

How to identify

Midland hawthorn has shallow-lobed leaves, and pinky flowers that do not smell as sweet as those of Common hawthorn. Unlike Common hawthorn, it has two seeds in each fruit and is more frequently found in woodland.


Found in Central and Southern England.

Did you know?

Much folklore and myth surrounds hawthorn trees: it is considered bad luck to cut them, except when they are in flower, but even then, sprigs should not be brought into the house.

How people can help

The Wildlife Trusts work closely with farmers and landowners to ensure that our wildlife is protected and to promote wildlife-friendly practices. By working together, we can create Living Landscapes: networks of habitats stretching across town and country that allow wildlife to move about freely and people to enjoy the benefits of nature. Support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.