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Fauna of Allerthorpe
Common

Adder basking in the sun - Jonathan Proud

The reserve is visited by roe deer, badgers and foxes and has its own population of rabbits. It is particularly rich in reptile, amphibian and invertebrate species.

Herpetofauna (Snakes and Lizards)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Vipera berus Adder Protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 from being killed, injured or sold.
Lacerta vivipara Common or viviparous lizard Protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 from being killed, injured or sold.
Anguis fragilis Slow-worm Protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 from being killed, injured or sold.

Amphibia (Frogs, Toads and Newts)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Rana temporaria Common frog  
Bufo bufo Common European toad  
Triturus helveticus Palmate newt  
Triturus cristatus Great crested newt  

Coleoptera I (Beetles)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Bagous lutulosus Small weevil feeds on juncus
Dorytomus salicis Small weevil found on catkins of willow
Ceutorhynchus atomus Small weevil in disturbed sandy areas
Carabus nitens Ground beetle diurnal, runs rapidly on heath/moorland where there is sphagnum
Miscodera artica Ground beetle sand/gravel predatory ground beetle on pill beetle
Pterostichus lepidus Ground beetle  
Pterostichus oblongopunctarus Ground beetle  
Agonum versutum Predatory ground beetle  
Grammostethus marginatus Scavenger beetle  
Stenus europaeuse Rove beetle in marshy places
Porcinolus marinus Small pill beetle heathery places
Adonia variegata Adonis' Ladybird  
Rhynchites longiceps Primitive weevil found in leaf litter, dry grassy places
Cneothinus plumbeus Weevil on leaf litter
Magdalis carbonaria Weevil found on birch
Dorytomus salicinus Weevil found on catkins of willow

Coleoptera II (Water Beetles)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Haliplus ruficollis algivorous crawling water beetle Family Haliplidae Recorded 1998 Martin Hammond (MH)
Laccophilus minutus diving beetle Family Dytiscidae 1998 MH
Hygrotus confluens diving beetle 1998 MH
Hygrotus impressopunctatus diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus angustatus diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus erythrocephalus diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus gyllenhali diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus incognitus diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus palustris diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus planus diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus pubescens diving beetle 1998 MH
Hydroporus tessellatus diving beetle 1998 MH
Suphrodytes dorsalis diving beetle 1998 MH
Copelatus haemorrhoidalis diving beetle 1998 MH
Agabus labiatus flightless diving beetle in stagnant water bodies and relic fenlands that dry up in summer - but turn up in newly dug gravel pits
Agabus bipustulatus diving beetle 1998 MH
Agabus congener diving beetle 1991 RC (absent 1998 MH)
Agabus nebulosus diving beetle 1998 MH
Agabus sturmii diving beetle 1998 MH
Agabus uliginosus diving beetle species of seasonal pools in fens, woodland and grassland. Has its national stronghold in the Vale of York. One male was collected by R. Crossley in April 1991; in 1998 it could not be re-found on the reserve but was recorded from a small pond in the west of Allerthorpe Wood (MH). Nationally scarce.
Ilybius fuliginosus diving beetle 1998 MH
Rhanthus suturalis diving beetle a generalist pond and ditch species found on three occasions in the pond in 1998 (MH). It is local and sporadic rather than genuinely scarce and is perhaps increasing in Yorkshire. Nationally scarce.
Rhanthus suturellus diving beetle 1991 RC (absent 1998 MH)
Colymbetus fuscus diving beetle 1998 MH
Dytiscus circumflexus diving beetle a species of Great Diving Beetle that has been spreading north since the 1980's. In 1998 it was also found at Strensall Common/World's End, Askham Bog and sites in the Lower Derwent Valley, where it is now well established. A single specimen was trapped in August 1998 (MH). Nationally scarce.
Dytiscus marginalis diving beetle 1998 MH
Gyrinus substriatus a whirligig beetle Family Gyrinidae 1998 MH
Helophorus brevipalpis scavenger water beetle Family Hydrophilidae 1998 MH
Helophorus minutus scavenger water beetle 1998 MH
Hydrobius fuscipes scavenger water beetle 1998 MH
Anacaena globulus scavenger water beetle 1998 MH
Anacaena lutescens scavenger water beetle 1998 MH
Laccobius minutus scavenger water beetle 1998 MH
Helochares punctatus scavenger water beetle shares similar habitats to Enochrus affinis. It is quite numerous at Allerthorpe Common and was found both in 1991 (RC) and 1998 (MH). It has a widely scattered distribution. Classified as Nationally scarce but subject to review.
Enochrus affinis scavenger water beetle a small scavenger water beetle found in Sphagnum and shallow water in acidic habitats. It is locally abundant on Strensall and Skipwith Commons but just a single male specimen was collected at Allerthorpe on 23 August 1998 (MH). Nationally scarce.
Enochrus fuscipennis scavenger water beetle a very local mire species represented by a single specimen collected in 1991 (RC). Nationally scarce.
Ochthebius minimus a water beetle Family Hydraenidae 1998 MH

Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Polyommatus icarus Common Blue Recorded 1999 Paul Benson (PB)
Lycaena phlaeas Small Copper 1999 PB
Gonepteryx rhamni Brimstone 1999 PB
Oclodes venatus Large Skipper 1999 PB
Aphantopus hyperantus Ringlet 1999 PB
Mamiola jutina Meadow Brown 1999 PB
Pyronia tithonus Gatekeeper 1999 PB
Pieris brassicae Large White 1999 PB
Synanthedon culiciformis Large red-belted clearwing larvae under bark and in cut stumps
Adscita statices Forester  
Perconia strigillaria Grass wave  
Arctia caja Garden Tiger  

Diptera (Two-winged Flies)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Empis prodromus A dance fly endangered - damp areas of heathland
Nephrotoma crocata A crane fly  
Epitripus cingulatus Robber fly  
Lasiopogon cinctus Robber fly sandy heath - predator on insects
Chelipoda vocatoria Small raptorial empidid damp situ and wait on vegetation
Eristalis rupium frabricus Hoverfly  
Zodion cinereuums Cone headed fly larvae internal parasites of solitary bee
Copromyza pedestris A lesser dung fly cut sedges and grass/leaf litter
Stegana coleoptrata A small fly birch woods

Hemiptera (Bugs)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Eurhadina kirschbaumi A whitish leafhopper found on sessile oak
Globiceps flavomaculatus A plant bug found in damp places often associated with willow spp. Largely predacious.

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps and Ants)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Arge enodis A rare sawfly (one female 1928)
Mellinus crabroneus Sand digger wasp (presumed extinct) prey on diptera and nest in sandy places
Symmorphus crassicornis Rare potter wasp mud nests in damp places usually beside streams
Momada robertjeotiana Nomad bee parasitic in nest of solitary bee. Bee of dry sandy lowland. Obtains pollen exclusively from Potentilla
Crossocerus leucostoma Small black solitary wasp few records
Bombus distinguendus Great yellow bumble bee nest in ground
Methocha ichneumondes Flightless wasp resembling ichneumon parasitic on tiger beetle

Aranaea (Spiders)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Pityohyphantes phrygianus Small money spider conifer plantations
Walckenaeria incisa A money spider found on pine and oak litter

Odonata (Dragonflies)

Latin name Common name or description Comments
Aeshna cyanea Southern Hawker All recorded since 1996 by Paul Benson - all breeding
Aeshna grandis Brown Hawker  
Libellula quadrimaculata Four-spotted Chaser  
Sympetrum danae Black Darter  
Sympetrum sanguineum Ruddy Darter  
Sympetrum striolatum Common Darter  
Lestes sponsa Emerald Damselfly  
Pyrrhosoma nymphula Large Red Damselfly  
Ischnura elegans Blue-tailed Damselfly  
Coenagrion puella Azure Damselfly  
Enallagma cyathigerum Common Blue Damselfly